Environmental activities are carried out in Enel through an organization that is broken down into operational units and coordinated, as regards the general environmental policy guidelines, by a unit of the Parent Company. In the business units and service Functions there are responsible structures and figures at various levels. In particular, the corporate Functions coordinate the management of the respective environmental issues, providing the necessary specialist assistance in accordance with the guidelines of the Parent Company, and the operating units manage specific aspects affecting industrial sites.
In the Group 511 full-time employees work on environmental issues. In addition, in 2015 training was provided for a total of around 66 thousand hours which regarded environmental management systems, in particular in the renewables sector and electricity distribution. This figure, which was up on 2014 (53 thousand hours), confirms the objective of increasing employees’ awareness on environmental issues, making people responsible for the consequences which their choices have on the environment and promoting sustainable conduct inside and outside the workplace.
In addition, periodic mapping is done of the main environmental issues and the related control systems (MAPEC - Mapping of Environmental Compliance) and ECoS (Extra Checking on Site) checks are carried out in order to define and monitor the significant areas (see also the chapter “Occupational Health and Safety”).
Environmental Management Systems
The gradual application of internationally recognized Environmental Management Systems (EMS) to all the activities undertaken by the Enel Group is a strategic objective of the Group’s environmental policy. In 2012 Enel obtained ISO 14001 certification for the Group for the first time. Starting in the summer of 2014 work began to update the Environmental Management System to bring it into line with the new organizational structure.
Therefore, the certification scope was recalibrated and extended also to the exploration and use of hydrocarbons. The certification obtained in 2015 involved most of the assets, including 95% of grids and 98% of net power. All the Business Lines were subject to efficient environmental management with high standards of control, surveillance and corrective action.
In 2015 the total financial commitment for environmental protection was 808 million euro, of which 495 million euro was for current expenses and 313 million euro for investments. Current expenses, excluding the 33% share spent to buy emission certificates (168 million euro), concerned, among other things, air and climate protection (20%), waste management (15%) and other activities for the environment undertaken at Group worksites.
The investments, which rose compared to the previous year above all in Spain and Italy, respectively for air and climate protection and for biodiversity projects, refer mainly, besides the aforementioned items, to the protection and restoration of the soil and groundwater and surface water.
Environmental expense (m. euro)*
* The values shown for 2014 and 2015 do not include Slovakia since the assets were being prepared for sale.
Current environmental expenses excluding emission certificate costs (%)
In addition, in 2015 there were revenues of 25 million euro in Italy connected to the exchange of green certificates in order to fulfill the legal obligation on producers and importers of electricity which is not generated from renewable sources.